The construction of one of the major infrastructure projects in Azerbaijan’s East Zangazur economic region — a new airport in the country’s Zangilan district — continues in full swing.
Installation and electro-mechanical work are underway in the airport’s main building. At the same time, asphalt concrete is being laid on the roads leading to the facility, the runway is being covered with a concrete surface, and a power transformer is being installed to light the runway, according to Caliber.Az.
The basis for the radar installation is almost completed, and electricity lines and cables for air navigation equipment of the Turkish, German, and Italian production are being laid.
The runway of the Zangilan International Airport will measure 3 kilometers in length and 60 meters in width. The airport will be able to receive all types of aircraft, including heavy cargo planes weighing up to 400 tons.
The ground for the airport was broken on April 26, 2021, by President Ilham Aliyev, while the construction began in May of the same year. The Baku-based AzVirt Construction Company is building the airport. The launch of the airfield is scheduled for some time in the second half of 2022, according to the company officials. However, the rapid pace of the construction can lead to an earlier launch, roughly in August or September.
Once operational, the Zangilan International Airport is expected to contribute to the socio-economic development of the district and the surrounding territories liberated from nearly three decades of Armenian occupation.
The reconstruction and modernization of the civil aviation infrastructure in the Karabakh region come as part of the state-run programs rolled out shortly after the 2020 war.
Azerbaijan’s Karabakh (Garabagh) region fell under Armenia’s occupation during the First Karabakh War in the early 1990s. Following the Soviet Union’s dissolution in 1991, Armenia launched a military campaign against Azerbaijan that lasted until a ceasefire deal in 1994. As a result of the war, Armenia occupied 20 percent of Azerbaijan’s internationally recognized territories. Over 30,000 ethnic Azerbaijanis were killed, and one million were expelled from those lands in a brutal ethnic cleansing policy carried out by Armenia.
Armenia’s authorities have repeatedly attempted to use the Karabakh region’s airspace and the Khojaly airport to host the flights of Armenian companies and military aviation. However, such illegal attempts faced a severe backlash from Azerbaijan, including ultimatums on international platforms.
In 2020, Azerbaijan regained access to the airspace over the Karabakh region. As a result of the 44-day-long war, the Azerbaijani army liberated over 300 settlements, including the cities of Jabrayil, Fuzuli, Gubadli, Zangilan, and Shusha, from illegal Armenian occupation. The war ended in a tripartite statement signed on November 10, 2020, by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Russia. Armenia returned three more districts to Azerbaijan’s control within its obligations under the agreement.
The first new airport in the liberated Azerbaijani lands, the Fuzuli International Airport, was put into operation in October 2021. The airport, built by the Azerbaijani and Turkish companies, was inaugurated eight months after the groundbreaking ceremony and recognized by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
In the meantime, the third airport in the liberated Azerbaijani lands will come online in the Lachin district in 2023. It will be the highest-altitude airfield in Azerbaijan. Currently, the land piece for the facility is being leveled for the construction.